Why does Nepal need an advocate protection law asap?

nepali law and order 

advocate protection law

Advocates play a critical role in ensuring access to justice for all citizens. They represent people from all walks of life, from the poorest to the richest, and help them navigate the complex legal system.

Legal professionals in Nepal play a crucial role in upholding justice but they often face significant obstacles in their work. 

To address this issue, the Bar Council of India released a draft of the Advocates (Protection) Bill, 2021, on July 2, 2021. Introducing a similar advocate protection law would be a significant step forward for Nepal’s legal system.

The crucial need

An advocate protection law would not only provide much-needed protection to advocates but also boost public confidence in the justice system. When people feel that their lawyers are safe and protected, they are more likely to approach them for help with their legal problems.

The proposed advocate protection law seeks to address these issues by providing a framework for the protection of advocates. It will include measures such as creating a special fund for the welfare of advocates, providing security to advocates at risk, and ensuring the prosecution of those who commit crimes against advocates.

Furthermore, the law will address other concerns of advocates, such as professional ethics, by establishing a mechanism for disciplinary action against advocates who violate ethical norms.

In recent years, several cases of attacks on lawyers have been reported, including assault, abduction, and even murder. These incidents not only pose a threat to individual advocates but also undermine the rule of law and the justice system as a whole. 

Introducing the advocate protection law in Nepal will send a strong message that the country is committed to protecting the rights of legal professionals and ensuring the rule of law. It would also encourage more people to take up the legal profession, knowing that they have the necessary protections in place.

Furthermore, the law would help to strengthen the independence of the judiciary and the legal profession. When lawyers are able to work without fear of intimidation or violence, they can better serve their clients and uphold justice.

Challenges ahead

Supreme Court lawyers clash with police on Thursday, November 11, 2021.
Supreme Court lawyers clash with police on Thursday, November 11, 2021.

However, there may be several challenges that the government and legal community may face in implementing an advocate protection law. One of the main challenges could be the lack of political will to pass the bill from the parliament. While the introduction of such a law is essential, lawmakers may prioritise other issues, and the bill may not be given the necessary attention or support it deserves. 

Another challenge could be the lack of resources to implement the law. The law proposes the creation of a special fund for the welfare of advocates. However, it remains to be seen whether the government will allocate sufficient funds for this purpose.

Additionally, the law may face opposition from those who feel that it gives undue protection to lawyers, potentially hindering the pursuit of justice in certain cases. 

There may also be issues with implementing the provisions of the advocate protection law. For example, ensuring the security of lawyers who face threats or attacks may require a significant investment in security personnel and infrastructure.

Similarly, setting up special courts to deal with cases related to attacks on lawyers may require extensive training and resources for judges and other court personnel.  Moreover, the bill may not adequately address the underlying causes of attacks on lawyers, such as corruption and political interference in the justice system. Addressing these issues would require broader reforms in the legal and political systems, which may be challenging to implement.


Several solutions can be considered to address the challenges that may arise with the introduction of an advocate protection law in Nepal.

Firstly, there needs to be a concerted effort by lawmakers to prioritise the passage of the bill. This can be achieved by building a coalition of support from legal professionals, civil society groups, and political leaders who understand the importance of protecting lawyers and promoting access to justice.

Secondly, sufficient resources should be allocated to implement the provisions of the law. This could involve a collaboration between the government, legal community, and civil society organisations to establish a fund for the welfare of advocates and provide the necessary infrastructure and training for the implementation of the advocate protection law.

Thirdly, the bill should be drafted in a way that strikes a balance between protecting lawyers and upholding the rule of law. This can be achieved by ensuring that the provisions of the law are not overly broad and do not impede the pursuit of justice in some instances.

Fourthly, broader reforms should be implemented to address the underlying causes of attacks on lawyers, such as corruption and political interference in the justice system. This could involve reforms to the legal and political systems that promote transparency, accountability, and the rule of law.

Overall, Nepal urgently needs an advocate protection law and the parliament should introduce it without delay. This law will not only ensure the safety and welfare of advocates but also strengthen the rule of law and promote access to justice for all citizens.

By introducing such a bill, the parliament can demonstrate its commitment to upholding the rule of law and protecting the rights of its citizens with special privileges for legal professionals in Nepal.

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Chaudhary is a law student at Nepal Law Campus.

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